WAEC Geography 2024 Questions And Answers Expo

The West African Examination Council (WAEC) Has Scheduled The WAEC Geography 2024 Questions And Answers Paper To Take Place on 31st May, 2024.

This brings the attention of candidates writing the exam in to searching for WAEC Geography 2024 Questions And Answers, WAEC Geography Expo 2024, Geography WAEC 2024, WAEC Geography Questions 2024, WAEC Geography Answer 2024 and etc.

WAEC Geography 2024 Questions And Answers

In this section, you will read the steps and requirements needed for you to get Waec Geography 2024 Questions And Answers before exam.

WAEC Geography 2024 Paper is Categorized in to 3 parts:

  • WAEC Geography Theory 2024
  • WAEC Geography Objective 2024
  • WAEC Geography Physical and Practical 2024

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WAEC Geography 2024 Questions And Answers


2024 WAEC EXPO WAEC Geography 2024 Questions And Answers
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WAEC Geography Expo 2024

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WAEC Geography 2024 Questions And Answers Expo

WAEC Geography 2024 Questions And Answers Expo

(i) Primary industries involve the extraction and production of raw materials while Secondary industries, on the other hand, are involved in the processing of raw materials into finished products.
(ii) Examples of primary industries include agriculture, fishing, forestry, and mining while Examples of secondary industries include manufacturing, construction, and production of goods such as automobiles, textiles, and electronics.
(iii) Primary industries are usually located in rural areas and are often labor-intensive, relying on natural resources while secondary industries are typically located in urban areas and are more capital-intensive, relying on machinery and technology.

(i) Lower Capital Requirement: Light industries often require less initial investment compared to heavy industries, making them more accessible for developing countries with limited financial resources.
(ii) Labor-Intensive Nature: Light industries are generally more labor-intensive, providing employment opportunities for a large workforce, which is often abundant in developing countries.
(iii) Raw Material Availability: Many developing countries have easy access to raw materials suitable for light industries, such as textiles, food processing, and handicrafts.
(iv) Market Demand: There is a high local and regional demand for the goods produced by light industries, such as clothing, food items, and household products.
(v) Small Scale Operations: Light industries can operate on a smaller scale, which is suitable for the economic structures of many developing countries where large-scale industrial operations may be impractical.
(vi) Government Support: Many developing countries provide incentives and support for light industries as a means to boost employment and stimulate economic growth.
(vii) Lower Environmental Impact: Light industries typically have a lower environmental impact compared to heavy industries, which is crucial for developing countries facing environmental challenges and limited regulatory frameworks.

(i) Job Creation: The industrial sector generates a significant number of employment opportunities, reducing unemployment rates and improving the standard of living for many people.
(ii) Economic Diversification: Industrialization helps diversify the economy, reducing dependency on agriculture and raw materials, thereby stabilizing economic growth.
(iii) Increased GDP: Industrial activities contribute to a higher Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by producing goods and services, boosting the overall economic output.
(iv) Foreign Exchange Earnings: The export of manufactured goods provides foreign exchange earnings, improving the country’s balance of payments and allowing for the import of essential goods and technology.
(v) Technological Advancement: The industrial sector often leads to technological innovation and transfer, enhancing productivity and fostering further economic development.
(vi) Infrastructure Development: Industrial growth stimulates the development of infrastructure such as roads, power supply, and telecommunications, which benefits the entire economy.
(vii) Improved Living Standards: By providing higher wages and a broader range of goods and services, the industrial sector can significantly improve the living standards of the population.

(i) Rural-rural migration
(i) Urban-rural migration
(iii) Urban-urban migration
(iv) Rural-urban migration
(v) Immigration
(vi) Emigration
(vii) Seasonal migration

(i) Political instability and conflict: Wars, civil wars, and political persecution can force people to flee their homes and seek refuge in other regions or countries.
(ii) Economic factors: Poverty, unemployment, and lack of resources can drive people to migrate to areas with better economic opportunities.
(iii) Environmental factors: Natural disasters like droughts, famines, and floods can lead to migration as people seek safer and more habitable environments.
(iv) Social and cultural factors*: Marriage, education, and family reunification can cause people to move to new locations.
(v) Demographic factors: Rapid population growth and a high proportion of young people (youth bulge) can lead to migration as people seek better opportunities or escape resource scarcity.
(vi) Technological advancements: Improved transportation and communication can facilitate migration by making it easier for people to move and stay connected with their origins.
(vii) Climate change and environmental degradation: Rising temperatures, desertification, and deforestation can force people to migrate to areas with more favorable environmental conditions.

(i) Increased population density and urbanization: When people move to a new region, the population density of that area increases. This can lead to urbanization, as people move from rural areas to cities in search of better opportunities.
(ii) Strain on infrastructure and resources: A sudden influx of people can put pressure on the existing infrastructure and resources of the destination region. This includes housing, water supply, healthcare services, education, and other essential amenities.
(iii) Economic benefits: Migration can bring economic benefits to the destination region, such as an increased labor force, new skills, and entrepreneurship. Migrants can start new businesses, create jobs, and stimulate economic growth.
(iv) Cultural and social diversity: When people from different backgrounds move to a new region, they bring their unique cultures, customs, and social norms. This can lead to cultural diversity and exchange, but also potential conflicts and integration challenges.
(v) Environmental impact: Population movement can lead to environmental degradation, pollution, deforestation, and loss of biodiversity in the destination region. This is particularly true if the migrants engage in activities like agriculture, mining, or urban development without proper environmental regulations.

The birth rate is the number of live births per 1,000 people in a given population over a specific period, typically one year. It is an essential demographic indicator used to assess population growth and reproductive health trends.


The birth rate is a demographic indicator that measures the frequency of live births in a specified population, expressed as the number of live births per 1,000 people in that population over the course of one year.

(i) Cultural Practices: In many parts of Tropical Africa, cultural norms and traditions favor large families. High value is placed on having many children, which can increase the birth rate.
(ii) Economic Factors: In agrarian societies, children are often seen as economic assets who can contribute to the family’s labor force. This economic benefit can drive higher birth rates.
(iii) Access to Education: Lower levels of education, particularly among women, often correlate with higher birth rates. Educated women tend to have fewer children as they have greater access to family planning information and career opportunities.
(iv) Health Care Accessibility: Limited access to healthcare, including reproductive health services and contraception, can result in higher birth rates.
(v) Government Policies: Policies that promote or discourage family planning can significantly impact birth rates. In some areas, lack of support for family planning services can lead to higher birth rates.

(i) Labor Force: A large population provides a substantial labor force, which can drive economic development if properly harnessed.
(ii) Market Size: Over-population can lead to a large domestic market, encouraging businesses to invest and thrive due to high demand for goods and services.
(iii) Innovation and Cultural Diversity: A diverse and large population can foster innovation and cultural richness, contributing to a dynamic and creative society.
(iv) Military Strength: A larger population can translate into a stronger military force, which may enhance national security.
(v) Human Resources: Over-population can provide a wealth of human resources, which can be advantageous for various sectors such as education, healthcare, and technology.

(i) Resource Depletion: Over-population puts immense pressure on natural resources, leading to depletion and environmental degradation.
(ii) Unemployment: High population growth can result in insufficient job opportunities, leading to high levels of unemployment and underemployment.
(iii) Poor Living Conditions: Over-population can strain infrastructure and social services, resulting in overcrowded living conditions, inadequate housing, and poor sanitation.
(iv) Healthcare Strain: Over-population can overwhelm healthcare systems, making it difficult to provide adequate medical services to everyone.
(v) Food Security: High population growth can lead to food shortages and increased malnutrition as the demand for food outpaces supply.

(i) Climate: Different regions in Nigeria have varying climatic conditions, which affect what crops can be grown. For instance, the northern region with its arid climate is suitable for crops like millet and sorghum, while the southern region with its humid climate supports crops like cocoa and palm oil.
(ii) Soil Type:The fertility and type of soil in different parts of Nigeria influence agricultural productivity. Areas with rich, loamy soil are more suitable for crop farming, while regions with poor, sandy soil may be better for certain types of grazing.
(iii) Topography: The physical landscape, including mountains, valleys, and plains, affects what can be produced. Flat plains are ideal for large-scale farming, while hilly or mountainous areas may be better for specific crops or livestock.
(iv) Water Availability: Access to water resources, such as rivers, lakes, and rainfall, is crucial for agriculture and other production activities. Areas with abundant water resources can support irrigation-based agriculture and industries that require significant water input.
(v) Economic Factors: Market demand, availability of capital, and access to technology can influence production. Regions with better infrastructure and market access can support more diverse and technologically advanced production.
(vi) Government Policies: Policies such as subsidies, tariffs, and support for certain industries can encourage the production of specific goods. For example, government incentives for agricultural production can boost farming activities.
(vi) Human Resources: The availability of skilled and unskilled labor affects what can be produced. Areas with a higher population and better educational facilities can support industries requiring specialized skills.

(i) Poor Infrastructure: Inadequate transportation networks, such as roads, railways, and ports, can impede the movement of goods within the country and for export, leading to delays and increased costs.
(ii) Corruption: Corruption at various levels of government and within trade-related institutions can create obstacles for businesses, including the need to pay bribes and deal with bureaucratic red tape.
(iii) Insecurity: Issues such as terrorism, banditry, and piracy can disrupt trade routes, lead to loss of goods, and deter both local and foreign investors from engaging in trade activities.
(iv) Inconsistent Government Policies: Frequent changes in trade policies, tariffs, and regulations can create uncertainty and instability, making it difficult for businesses to plan and operate effectively.
(v) Lack of Access to Finance: Difficulty in obtaining loans and other financial services can hinder businesses from expanding their operations and engaging in larger-scale trade.
(vi) Electricity Shortages: Frequent power outages and lack of reliable electricity supply can affect production processes, increase costs, and reduce the competitiveness of Nigerian goods in the international market.
(vii) Trade Barriers: High tariffs, import/export restrictions, and complex customs procedures can make it difficult for businesses to trade across borders, reducing trade volumes and increasing costs.

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